中职英语 Tomorrow''s world教案

文章来源: 发布时间:2014年12月03日 点击数: 1326次

课堂设计指导思想:

本节课是以读、写为主的词汇教学课。内容包括用名词或动词加上后缀构成抽象名词,以及与电脑相关的词汇等。学习一定的构词法知识,可以有效地拓展学生的词汇量。通过构词法教授词汇,不仅可以使学生利用较少的时间掌握较多的词汇,而且还可以使学生通过对词缀的了解来猜测词义,从而扩大词汇量。本课主要通过引导学生自行归纳抽象名词的构成规律的方法进行教学,不仅有助于增加学生的词汇量,而且可以使学生初步形成自己的词汇认知策略,学会根据词根及后缀来猜测词义。

Teaching aims:

1. Learn how to form abstract nouns from verbs and adjectives by adding suffixes.

2. Learn some words related to computers.

3. Expand related vocabulary and apply them practically.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1? Revision

Help students revise the common suffix used to form adjectives learnt in Unit 1 using the following chart and ask students to give more examples.

Suffix Meaning Examples(adjectives)

-ical having the quality of medical, electrical, grammatical, practical

-able having the ability of believable, acceptable, reasonable, enjoyable

-ous like, full of adventurous, dangerous, prosperous, conscious

-ful characterized by joyful, helpful, useful, mouthful, handful

-less without useless, careless, helpless, hopeless, cloudless

Step 2? Lead-in

1.????Ask students to compare the following two groups of words.

Group 1: house, milk, driver, dog, paper

Group 2: revision, preparation, decision, difference, arrangement

Ask students to consider the following questions:

(1) Which part of speech is each of the following words?

(2) What are the similarities and the differences between the two groups?

Answers

(1) They are all nouns.

(2) The words in Group 1 refer to physical things and those in Group 2 refer to ideas, actions and qualities.

2. Tell students that the nouns in Group 2 are called abstract nouns. Ask students to read the definition of abstract nouns on page 46.

3. Ask students to think of more abstract nouns. And show them the following words as examples:

revision, direction, decision, preparation, satisfaction, argument, judgement, disappointment, excitement, civilization, dependence, difference, assistance, pleasure, loyalty, cruelty, action, failure, carelessness, happiness

Step 3? Ways to form abstract nouns from verbs and adjectives

1. Ask students to categorize the words on the black board according to the suffixes. Then ask students to see what words they are and which part of speech they are if the suffixes are removed using the following form.

Nouns Original words Part of speech Suffix

revision revise verb –sion

decision decide verb –sion

preparation prepare verb –tion

satisfaction satisfy verb –tion

argument argue verb –ment

judgement judge verb –ment

dependence depend verb –ence

assistance assist verb –ence

difference differ verb –ence

pleasure please verb –ure

failure fail verb –ure

carelessness careless adjective –ness

happiness happy adjective –ness

civilization civil adjective –tion

loyalty loyal adjective –ty

cruelty, cruel adjective –ty

2. Ask students to read the instructions on page 46. Ask them to compare the words on the screen with the words in the tables.

3. Tell students that most abstract nouns are uncountable, only a few of them are countable. Ask them to read the following examples:

hopea hope; ideaan idea; situationa situation; knowledgea knowledge of…

4. Ask students to do the exercise on page 46 individually.

Answers

(1) development? (2) popularity? (3) failure?? (4) connection

(5) improvement (6) presentation? (7) achievement? (8) admiration

Step 4? Words related to computers

1. Ask students to read carefully the picture on page 47 and ask students to answer the following questions:

(1) Can you name the different parts of the computer?

(2) Can you describe their functions?

Answers

Part Function

floppy disc a flat piece of plastic for storing information

USB disc a portable, pocket-sized disk that can store a lot more information than a floppy disk

CD-ROM/DVD-ROM a CD or a DVD on which large amounts of information, sound and pictures can be stored

keyboard a set of keys for typing

printer a machine that puts the words and pictures onto paper

mouse a small device moved by hand to move the cursor on a computer screen

mouse mat a small square of plastic that is the best kind of surface on which to use a computer mouse

hard drive a disk that can store more information than a floppy or USB disk

monitor/LCD Monitor a screen that shows information from a computer

screen/LCD screen a part where you see the words and pictures

speaker a part of the computer where the sound comes out

2. Ask students to read the instructions and complete the exercises on page 47.

Answers

(1) keyboard? (2) mouse? (3) data? (4) floppy disks

(5) CD-ROMs (6) CPU?? (7) connect (8) e-mails

(9) information (10) Web

Step 5? Summary

Make a summary about what have been learned in this period.

Step 6? Homework

1. Review what you have learned in this lesson.

2. Try to find out more words related to computers and Internet.


责任编辑:xiaoyan